"If you plan to build walls around me, know this ~ I will walk through them."
~ Richelle E. Goodrich


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some of these are mainly AKC focused.


Abdomen
- The body cavity between the hindquarters and the chest.

Abortifacients - Drugs used to induce abortion.

Abscess - Swollen or enflamed area of body tissue, usually accompanied with pus.

Acalasia - A defect in the line from the esophagus to the diaphragm in which there is a pocket where food and liquid lodge and are never digested.

Acarus - A parasitic mite that can cause mange.

Acetabulum - Socket of the hipbone that holds the femur (thigh bone).

Achilles tendon - Most prominent, longest, and strongest tendon in the dog, provides an anchor and extension for the calf muscle onto the fibular tarsal bone.

Acne - Inflammation of the skin glands caused by dirt entering the glands.

Acromegaly - Disease of the pituitary gland in which a tumor causes overproduction of growth hormone resulting in gigantism.

Action - The way a dog walks, trots or run.

Acupuncture - Ancient Chinese medical practice of inserting sharp needles at specific points in the body to alleviate pain or uncomfortable condition.

A.D. - Agility dog.

Addison’s disease - Hypoadrenocorticism, hormonal deficiency especially of the adrenocortical hormones most common among young to middle-aged dogs.

Aclenocarcinoma - Deadly malignant tumor that originates in the cells which form a gland that quickly spreads throughout the entire body.

Adenoma - Benign tumor, or non-inflammatory growth usually found in the mammary glands.

‘Adonis‘ - English setter that was the first dog registered in the American Kennel Club’s stud book (1878).

Adrenal glands - Glands located near kidneys that produce adrenalin which acts upon the heart and ultimately regulate the blood pressure.

Advanced Agility Dog - Second title for agility competitions (AAD).

Afterbirth - Placenta and fetal membranes discharged from the womb after the birth of the pup.

Agalactia - Contagious viral disease that causes a decrease or stoppage of milk production in a nursing bitch.

Agility dog - First title for agility competitions (AD/A.D.)

Agility trials - Competitive sport involving man and dog in which the handler directs his/her dog through a timed obstacle course; scoring is based on faults.

Aitches - The pelvic tubers.

A.K.C. - American Kennel Club.

Alariasis - Infection caused by ingestion of flukes; the flukes mature and feed on intestinal contents.

Alarm dogs - Dogs which bark to call attention to something or someone that is out of line.

Albinism - Lack of pigmentation of the skin, hair, and irises of the eyes.

Alert - A. any dog of attention, B. racing dog that is quick out of the box.

Almond eyes - Oval-shaped eyes that are pointed at either corner.

Alopecia - Unusual loss of hair, inherited skin problem that has no treatment or cure.

Alpha - In a group of dogs, the ‘top dog,‘ is alpha; groups of dogs will also have a higher alpha which is the owner of the dogs.

Amaurosis - Condition of the German Short-haired Pointer marked by nervousness and decreased trainability. Also known as familial amaurotic idiocy.

Bench Show - Dog show where dogs are displayed on benches except during ring sessions.

Best in Show - Award given to the dog who is judged best of all breeds in a show.

Bitch - A female dog

Bitchy - When a male dog shows female characteristics

Bloom - Glossiness of coat

Bobtail - A naturally tailless dog, or a dog with a very short docked tail.

Brace - Pair of dogs

Brindle - A mixture of black hairs with brown, grey or tan.

Brisket - Front of chest between the forelegs.

Brood bitch - Female used for breeding.

CD (Companion Dog) - Title earned by successfully completing novice classes at three AKC obedience trials.

CDX (Companion Dog Excellent) - Title earned by successfully completing classes at three AKC obedience trials.

Ch., Champion - Title awarded to dog that has defeated a specific number of dogs in competition at officially sanctioned dog shows.

Chest - Directly under the dog, behind the forelegs.

Coupling - Part of the body between the shoulders and hips.

Crabbing - Dog that moves toward you with its body at an angle rather that straight ahead; also called side-wheeling or side-winding.

Conformation - A dog’s form, structure and shape, which should conform to the standard for each breed.

Cropping - Forming erect ears by the cutting or trimming of the ear leather.

Croup - Portion of the back directly above the hind legs before the tail.

Dam - female parent

Dewclaws - Rudimentary toes often removed shortly after birth

Dewlap - skin on the throat

Dish faced - Where the tip of the nose is higher that the stop

Dog - a. any canine, male or female b. male dog, especially when used in conjunction with bitch

Doggy - Female dog showing male characteristics, especially in weight and size.

Entropian - Complex genetic condition that results in the turning in of the upper or lower eyelid, potentially resulting in corneal ulceration.

Eyeteeth - Upper canines.

FCh., Field Champion - Title awarded to a dog who has defeated a certain number of dogs at a series of AKC competitions.

Field Trial - A competition for specific Hound or Sporting Breeds. Dogs are judged on the ability and style of finding or retrieving game.

Hews - Pendulous upper lips.

Gait - Way a dog moves.

Haw - Third eyelid.

Heat: Hocks - Joints above the pasterns of the legs.

Isabella - Fawn or light bay color.

Jaws - The two bones that frame the mouth, holding the teeth.

Kennel Cough - Respiratory disease resulting in acute coughing spasms, a.k.a. Canine Infectious Tracheobronchitis.

Landseer - Black and White Newfoundland Dog.

Liver - Deep reddish brown color.

Luxation - Dislocation of an anatomical structure, i.e. lens or patella.

Match Show - An informal show at which no championship points are awarded.

Merle - Blue-gray or red gray coloring with flecks of black.

Miscellaneous Class - Competitive class of dogs who don’t formally fit into regular show classification.

Nape - The junction of the base of the skull and the top of the neck.

Obedience Trial - An event in which a dog and handler display their competence in executing specific skills such as sit, down, heel, and stay.

OTCh (Obedience Trial Champion) - Title earned by a dog that has won the number of points and first place wins specified in the current obedience regulations.

Open Class - A dog show in which all dogs of all breeds, including Champions, imported dogs, and mixed breeds.

Pad - Cushioned part of the foot.

Pastern - Part of the leg below the knee in the rear legs.

Quarters - The four regions that comprise a quadruped.

Rose ear - Small drop ear that folds over the back to reveal the burr.

Scenthound - A dog that hunts primarily by scent.

Schutzhund - German-developed training regimen for protective work used world-wide, only strong, determined, and aggressive dogs perform well with Schutzhund.

Second thigh - Area of the hind quarters between the hock and the stifle.

Septum - Vertical line between the nostrils.

Show dog - Dog bred for conformation to its breed standards and shown in competition on that basis.

Sire - Male parent

Stifle - Upper joint of the rear legs which correspond to humans knees.

Stop - Point between the dogs’ eyes.

Stud - Male dog used for breeding.

TD (Tracking Dog) - Title earned by a dog that has passed an officially sanctioned tracking test.

TDX (Tracking Dog Excellent) - Title earned by a dog that has passed an AKC dog excellent tracking test.

Triple Champion - Dog that has won bench show, field trial, and obedience trial memberships.

UD (Utility Dog) - Title earned by a dog that has won certain minimum requirement scores in utility classes as a specific number of officially sanctioned obedience trials.

Undershot - Front teeth (incisors) of the lower jaw overlapping beyond the front teeth of the upper jaw when the mouth is closed, i.e. bulldog skull

Vaccination - Immunization against communicable diseases.

Whelps - Weaned Puppies

Withers - Highest point of the shoulders, right behind the neck.

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